Marijuana & hemp are both cannabis sativa (and some marijuana is cannabis indica). But “industrial hemp” (the only source of CBD lawful in all 50 states, thanks to the Federal Farm Bill’s exemption of it from the Controlled Substances Act) CBD extract products are lawful in all 50 states, can be sold on the open market at any store (not just a licensed dispensary) or online to anyone over 18–regardless of the customer’s or mfr’s state’s medical or recreational weed laws.
So, the next question is typically: DO I NEED ALL THESE OTHER CANNABINOIDS TO HELP MY CANCER (or epilepsy, diabetes, etc)? The answer is “maybe”. Some people find great results from cannabidiol or CBD alone. But, more people typically report better results when taking a full spectrum of cannabinoids (sometimes this includes THC, but often times, not). So, if you’re new to CBD and not sure what direction to go, these reports from people would generally indicate its best to try a full spectrum blend to give you the greatest chance of success. While having an extract that includes specifically the cannabinoid THC could also increase your chance for success, you have to ask yourself if you want to be ‘high’ all day when taking CBD. And, you have to consider whether CBD extracted from marijuana is legal where you are. Because of these two questions, CBD as part of a full spectrum of cannabinoid extracted from hemp, is often times the desired choice.
Cannabinol results from the degradation of THC. There is little of it in the fresh plant, but decarboxylation often raises the amount of CBN in the plant as an effect. CBN is only mildly psychoactive and has a higher affinity for the CB2 receptor than the CB1 receptor, linking CBN to the body’s immune system. In hemp oil, CBN is present in levels of 0.2% or lower.
The aforementioned entourage effect is the main reason behind the efficacy of whole plant extracts. There are over 100 ‘identified’ compounds in the cannabis plant. While most of these compounds have their own therapeutic benefit, they combine synergistically to provide a far better performance than any single compound, including CBD. Here are a couple of examples of conditions that benefit from the entourage effect: