CBD is extracted from both plants in just the same way. But, when it’s extracted from hemp, it is often times, extracted by itself. Beyond CBD, there are a host of other plant compounds, called cannabinoids, present in both plants, including THC (more on THC later). We won’t go into all the other compounds in this article as that would take a book to detail, but a short list of the most common ones are: CBDA, CBG, CBGA, CBN, Terpenes and Phytonutrients, and THC. Generally, when CBD is extracted from marijuana, all these compounds are extracted together and the extract is then formulated into various products, thus giving the user this “full spectrum” of cannabinoids. Generally, when CBD is extracted from hemp, it may or may not include this full spectrum of cannabinoids. So, this is the first important distinction between CBD from hemp and CBD from marijuana. When it comes from hemp, it may or may not include all the other cannabinoids. When it comes from marijuana, it almost always does, including the cannabinoid: THC. (Note: ALL Highland Pharms products use a full spectrum of cannabinoid extract.)
When seeking out Full Spectrum products, you may come across some called “Broad Spectrum” that claim to have 0% THC. It’s important to verify lab tests on these products to make sure that this is not a false claim and you’re encouraged to still exercise caution with these products if drug testing is a concern. These products have sometimes gone through additional processing to try to isolate and remove as much THC as possible while still maintaining some of the other cannabinoids and terpenes.
There’s also been a lot of talk lately about “microdosing” CBD. This refers to an incremental process of finding your minimum effective dose. You can do this with any concentration of CBD oil, but lower concentrations will take longer. In a 2017 article in Rolling Stone, Dr. Dustan Sulak outlines his protocol for microdosing. You can begin this process by asking yourself three questions:
By formulating our products with pure, full-spectrum hemp oil, we ensure that all the cannabinoids naturally found in the plant are in the hemp oil you buy from us. This also allows the cannabinoids to interact with the endocannabinoid system in what has become known as the entourage effect: when all the ingredients in hemp oil, including the terpenes, vitamins, and range of cannabinoids are allowed to work with the body naturally, as they would in the natural plant.
When CBD is in isolate form, it is separated from other cannabis compounds in the source plant. It was previously believed that CBD isolates were more potent and concentrated than full spectrum CBD. This assertion was eventually debunked by a study from the Lautenberg Center for General Tumor Immunology in Jerusalem. In the 2015 study, researchers were able to prove that full spectrum CBD is capable of offering greater levels of relief, as higher doses were administered to mice. By comparison, the group that was given CBD isolate did not experience the same level of relief at higher doses.
Ordered this for my restless legs and it’s phenomenal, I have dropped the dosage down to about 6-7 drops a day (so about 15mg) and I have noticed a dramatic improvement in my sleep. I ordered my second small bottle and if the results remain constant I’ll be buying the 60ml next month! I have tried so many different things to help with sleep with no success or inconsistent results. I’m also a powerlifter and I’ve noticed a slight improvement in my recovery.
When looking at isolate, it is important to verify the purity. While many are in the 99.9+% range with no identifiable amounts of THC, there are lower purity ones (such as 99.5% or lower) that may still have trace amounts that show up on the labs. This small amount is typically negligible, and is nowhere near the amount usually found in Full Spectrum products. But it’s still something to be aware of for those seeking the purest they can find.
In fact, numerous studies have looked at the relationship between CBD and pain, and the results are promising. Researchers have looked at various kinds of pain – from joint pain to cancer pain. One finding is that CBD increases levels of glutamate and serotonin – both neurotransmitters that play a role in pain regulation. And CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties help by tackling the root cause of much chronic pain.