Cannabigerol is known as the stem cell cannabinoid for its role as a precursor to other cannabinoids found in hemp and marijuana. Previously overlooked as a significant cannabinoid, the role of CBG is becoming better understood, and companies like Medical Marijuana, Inc.’s AXIM® Biotechnologies are starting to research its potential. Because most CBG is transformed into other cannabinoids like CBD or THC by the cannabis plant, natural CBG levels are low in most processed cannabis plants.
CBD is extracted from both plants in just the same way.  But, when it’s extracted from hemp, it is often times, extracted by itself.  Beyond CBD, there are a host of other plant compounds, called cannabinoids, present in both plants, including THC (more on THC later).  We won’t go into all the other compounds in this article as that would take a book to detail, but a short list of the most common ones are:  CBDA, CBG, CBGA, CBN, Terpenes and Phytonutrients, and THC.  Generally, when CBD is extracted from marijuana, all these compounds are extracted together and the extract is then formulated into various products, thus giving the user this “full spectrum” of cannabinoids.  Generally, when CBD is extracted from hemp, it may or may not include this full spectrum of cannabinoids.  So, this is the first important distinction between CBD from hemp and CBD from marijuana.  When it comes from hemp, it may or may not include all the other cannabinoids.  When it comes from marijuana, it almost always does, including the cannabinoid: THC.  (Note:  ALL Highland Pharms products use a full spectrum of cannabinoid extract.)
In fact, numerous studies have looked at the relationship between CBD and pain, and the results are promising. Researchers have looked at various kinds of pain – from joint pain to cancer pain. One finding is that CBD increases levels of glutamate and serotonin – both neurotransmitters that play a role in pain regulation. And CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties help by tackling the root cause of much chronic pain.

CBD Topical

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