Full spectrum CBD also contains a variety of essential vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, protein, chlorophyll, terpenes, flavonoids, and fiber. When referring to CBD in the hemp plant, it’s important to understand that Hemp contains a large number of cannabinoids (in trace amounts), but the main compounds are CBD and cannabidiolic acid (CBDa). As CBDa is more abundant in the hemp plant, firms must decarboxylate the oil. This process heats the oil and changes CBDa into CBD.
There are over 80+ beneficial compounds that are naturally found in hemp. Collectively these compounds are called cannabinoids. When you take hemp oil, you support your endocannabinoid system which explains why people all over the world are using hemp oil to help calm the effects of temporary inflammation, ease stress and everyday discomfort, and improve the quality of sleep.

The manufacturer will probably give you a recommended dosage, but bear in mind that this isn’t set in stone. What you need to find is your own minimum effective dose. “Minimum effective dose” is a medical term which refers to the amount of a substance you need for the results you want, and above which, the substance doesn’t increase in effectiveness.

CBD has been producing a whole lot of buzz in the health community of late – but perhaps not the kind of buzz you might expect from a cannabinoid. Since you’re reading this, you’ve probably heard of CBD and its many touted benefits. From chronic pain to mental health, CBD has the potential to alleviate an astonishing number of ailments. But like many, you might be fuzzy on the details. Consider this your primer on all things CBD.


Cannabigerol is known as the stem cell cannabinoid for its role as a precursor to other cannabinoids found in hemp and marijuana. Previously overlooked as a significant cannabinoid, the role of CBG is becoming better understood, and companies like Medical Marijuana, Inc.’s AXIM® Biotechnologies are starting to research its potential. Because most CBG is transformed into other cannabinoids like CBD or THC by the cannabis plant, natural CBG levels are low in most processed cannabis plants.
Finally, in general, we almost always recommend full spectrum tinctures over supplements made from isolates (extracts of CBD alone). Full-spectrum or whole plant tinctures take advantage of the ‘entourage effect’ that comes from combining all the naturally occurring chemicals found in the hemp plant. Isolates are great for cooking with CBD or consumers that are especially sensitive to the taste of hemp extract, but some research suggests they may be less effective for certain uses than full spectrum extracts. All but two of the brands below are made from full spectrum hemp, and the exceptions are clearly noted.
CBD is extracted from both plants in just the same way.  But, when it’s extracted from hemp, it is often times, extracted by itself.  Beyond CBD, there are a host of other plant compounds, called cannabinoids, present in both plants, including THC (more on THC later).  We won’t go into all the other compounds in this article as that would take a book to detail, but a short list of the most common ones are:  CBDA, CBG, CBGA, CBN, Terpenes and Phytonutrients, and THC.  Generally, when CBD is extracted from marijuana, all these compounds are extracted together and the extract is then formulated into various products, thus giving the user this “full spectrum” of cannabinoids.  Generally, when CBD is extracted from hemp, it may or may not include this full spectrum of cannabinoids.  So, this is the first important distinction between CBD from hemp and CBD from marijuana.  When it comes from hemp, it may or may not include all the other cannabinoids.  When it comes from marijuana, it almost always does, including the cannabinoid: THC.  (Note:  ALL Highland Pharms products use a full spectrum of cannabinoid extract.)
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In fact, numerous studies have looked at the relationship between CBD and pain, and the results are promising. Researchers have looked at various kinds of pain – from joint pain to cancer pain. One finding is that CBD increases levels of glutamate and serotonin – both neurotransmitters that play a role in pain regulation. And CBD’s anti-inflammatory properties help by tackling the root cause of much chronic pain.

CBD Topical

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