CBD is extracted from both plants in just the same way. But, when it’s extracted from hemp, it is often times, extracted by itself. Beyond CBD, there are a host of other plant compounds, called cannabinoids, present in both plants, including THC (more on THC later). We won’t go into all the other compounds in this article as that would take a book to detail, but a short list of the most common ones are: CBDA, CBG, CBGA, CBN, Terpenes and Phytonutrients, and THC. Generally, when CBD is extracted from marijuana, all these compounds are extracted together and the extract is then formulated into various products, thus giving the user this “full spectrum” of cannabinoids. Generally, when CBD is extracted from hemp, it may or may not include this full spectrum of cannabinoids. So, this is the first important distinction between CBD from hemp and CBD from marijuana. When it comes from hemp, it may or may not include all the other cannabinoids. When it comes from marijuana, it almost always does, including the cannabinoid: THC. (Note: ALL Highland Pharms products use a full spectrum of cannabinoid extract.)
Tetrahydrocannabinol is the most abundant cannabinoid in most medical and recreational marijuana strains. However, in hemp THC is a minor constituent and appears only in trace amounts under 0.3% by dry weight, as required by the U.S. government for hemp products. THC mimics the action of anandamide, a neurotransmitter naturally produced in the human body, and binds to CB1 receptors in the endocannabinoid system found mostly in the brain. The extremely low levels of THC in hemp make hemp oil non-psychoactive and safe for all ages to use.
Similarly, transparency is one of our top concerns when it comes to selecting the best CBD oil tinctures. Every product below is clearly labeled, so you can easily understand how much CBD oil / full spectrum hemp extract is in each bottle. You can also easily find the complete ingredients on the bottle, packaging or the company’s website. These brands are also open about where they source their hemp.
Full spectrum CBD also contains a variety of essential vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, protein, chlorophyll, terpenes, flavonoids, and fiber. When referring to CBD in the hemp plant, it’s important to understand that Hemp contains a large number of cannabinoids (in trace amounts), but the main compounds are CBD and cannabidiolic acid (CBDa). As CBDa is more abundant in the hemp plant, firms must decarboxylate the oil. This process heats the oil and changes CBDa into CBD.
So not only do our products include a variety of phytocompounds, each with their own health benefits*, but all of these compounds work together, building on their individual strengths to further heighten the body's positive response to CBD. Scientists named this process the “entourage effect,” which means that our whole-plant hemp extract provides more complete health benefits than taking CBD on its own.
Full Spectrum generally refers to CBD oil products that not only contain CBD,but also contain some terpenes and other cannabinoids such as CBG, CBN and even some THC. Usually these will be in ratios that were naturally occurring and extracted from the plant and specific strain. But they are also occasionally added back into products as an isolated form to raise the potency of the product. For those that get drug tested, Full Spectrum is something to be cautious about. The THC found in full spectrum hemp products is minimal (less than 0.3%), but can still trigger positive drug tests.
We gave the highest points to companies that use a CBD distillate for their tinctures. The process of distillation creates an extract that is pure on a molecular level. There are people who think distillate is too pure, and that a full spectrum decarb produces a more effective tincture. But in light of the inconclusive evidence, we prefer a distillate. The process allows for a high degree of control as to the finished product. It’s also odorless and tasteless, so those tinctures tend to taste better.
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So a full spectrum decarb got higher points than isolate (“decarb” just refers to the process of decarboxylation which turns raw CBD into activated CBD). We also gave more points to companies with a “broad spectrum” tincture. Broad spectrum CBD oil includes a range of other cannabinoids, but minus the THC – which is generally what people using isolates are trying to avoid.
Strength is also an extremely important consideration. Beginners may find that it’s easier to control dosage using a lower strength tincture. On the other hand, experienced CBD consumers know that high strength tinctures are more cost effective. Although stronger tinctures cost more, you get more CBD oil and other beneficial cannabinoids in each drop. Most CBD brands offer more than one option for strength.
So, with all this talk of marijuana and THC and being ‘high’, we typically find the next question to be: IS CBD LEGAL. And, as you are probably well aware, there are several states where CBD extracts from marijuana are legal, there are many more that are not. But, point blank, CBD extracted from hemp, whether singularly or as a full spectrum cannabinoid blend, is legal in all 50 states.
Our full spectrum CBD tincture is 100% natural and consistently 3rd party lab-tested to ensure quality. Full spectrum tinctures contain CBD and the other naturally-occurring cannabinoids and terpenes in the hemp plant, so you get all the benefits cannabis can provide, with none of the high. Tinctures are a unique and easily-absorbed substance, so you can feel relief faster.
This article may contain certain forward-looking statements and information, as defined within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, and is subject to the Safe Harbor created by those sections. This material contains statements about expected future events and/or financial results that are forward-looking in nature and subject to risks and uncertainties. Such forward-looking statements by definition involve risks, uncertainties.
Due to its non-psychoactive healing properties, Cannabidiol (CBD) has become a very popular option for patients seeking a natural alternative to treat conditions such as chronic pain, anxiety, epilepsy, and more. As patients start to understand how CBD can be used to alleviate their symptoms, they are often faced with a choice between using products made from CBD Isolate or Full Spectrum CBD. So, what exactly is the difference between the two?